Over the years, global crime in wildlife has escalated and become much more sophisticated and well-organized. Shrinkage of habitats and the trans-border demand for wildlife derivatives has resulted in decline of many species. Illegal wildlife trade presents a serious threat to the survival and conservation of many endangered species. The impacts of illegal trade can be wide-ranging and will, of course, vary from locality to locality, country to country with the precise impacts varying depending on the sector. Combating wildlife crime is therefore essential for preservation of our natural heritage in Africa through contemporary policies, legal and institutional reforms. Global statistics indicate that poaching of rhinoceros, elephants and other key species has escalated dramatically during the past few years.